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TOPIC: vitamins

vitamins 3 months 4 weeks ago #21699

  • BHAGYA
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Vitamin A (retinol)
Used in making visual pigments, maintainingepithelial tissues
Green vegetables, milk products, liver Night blindness, fl aky skin
B-complex vitamins
B1
Coenzyme in CO2
removal during cellular respiration
Meat, grains, legumes Beriberi, weakening of heart, edema
B2(ribofl avin)
Part of coenzymes FAD and FMN, which play metabolic roles
Many diff erent kinds of foods
Infl ammation and breakdown of skin, eyeirritation
B3(niacin)
Part of coenzymes NAD+and NADP+
Liver, lean meats, grains
Pellagra, infl ammation of nerves, mental
disorders
B5(pantothenic acid)
Part of coenzyme-A, a key connection between
carbohydrate and fat metabolism
Many diff erent kinds of foods Rare: fatigue, loss of coordination
B6(pyridoxine)
Coenzyme in many phases of amino acid metabolism
Cereals, vegetables, meats
Anemia, convulsions, irritability
B12(cyanocobalamin)
Coenzyme in the production of nucleic acids Red meats, dairy products
Pernicious anemia
Biotin
Coenzyme in fat synthesis and amino acid
metabolism
Meat, vegetables
Rare: depression, nausea
Folic acid
Coenzyme in amino acid and nucleic acid
metabolism
Green vegetables
Anemia, diarrhea
Vitamin C
Important in forming collagen, cementum of
bone, teeth, connective tissue of blood vessels;
may help maintain resistance to infection
Fruit, green leafy vegetables
Scurvy, breakdown of skin, blood vessels
Vitamin D (calciferol)
Increases absorption of calcium and promotes
bone formation
Dairy products, cod liver oil
Rickets, bone deformities
Vitamin E (tocopherol)
Protects fatty acids and cell membranes from
oxidation
Margarine, seeds, green leafy vegetables Rare
Vitamin K
Essential to blood clotting
Green leafy vegetables
Severe bleedin
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